Lumbini, the Birthplace of the Lord Buddha

" After I am no more, O Ananda! Men of belief will visit the place with faith, Curiosity, and devotion… Lumbini, the place where I was born. The path to ultimate peace is a spiritual discipline. “- Sakyamuni Buddha.

The birthplace of Lord Buddha is one of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites, a pilgrimage to devotees, explorers, wanderers, researchers, and peace lovers from around the world.

Lumbini, located at the base of the Chure range in the Tarai region of Nepal is the birthplace of Lord Buddha, Prince Siddhartha Gautama in 623 B.C, testified by the inscription on the pillar erected by the Mauryan Emperor Asoka in 249 BC.

In addition to embracing peace, contemplative values, and spirituality, Lumbini also attracts naturalists, botanists, and zoologists with its rich natural biodiversity. There are 27 species of mammals, 44 types of fishes, and herds of blue bulls in the area. Important natural landscapes and biodiversity in and around Lumbini include the serene natural environment within the Sacred Garden and Monastic Zones, Lumbini Crane Sanctuary located in the New Lumbini Village, and several natural wetlands, rivers, and farmland for bird watching.

 


Lumbini, the Birthplace of the Lord Buddha

" After I am no more, O Ananda! Men of belief will visit the place with faith, Curiosity, and devotion… Lumbini, the place where I was born. The path to ultimate peace is a spiritual discipline. “- Sakyamuni Buddha

The birthplace of Lord Buddha is one of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites, is a pilgrimage to devotees, explorers, wanderers, researchers, and peace lovers from around the world.

Lumbini, located at the base of the Chure range in the Tarai region of Nepal is the birthplace of Lord Buddha, Prince Siddhartha Gautama in 623 B.C, testified by the inscription on the pillar erected by the Mauryan Emperor Asoka in 249 BC. to mark the birthplace of Lord Buddha and to commemorate his visit to Lumbini. The Asoka inscription is carved in Brahmi script and Pali language. The erection of this Pillar by Emperor Asoka was also described by early Chinese travelers Hiuen Tsang (636 AD) and Fa-Hsien (399-413 AD). In 1312 AD, Ripu Malla, the king 40 of western Nepal paid homage to Lumbini and engraved the following words: Om Mani Padme Hum Ripu Malla Chiran Jayatu on the eastern side of the upper part of the pillar.

As the birthplace of the Lord Buddha, testified by the inscription on the Ashoka pillar, the sacred area in Lumbini is one of the holiest and significant places for one of the world’s great religions. The archeological remains of the Buddhist Vihar (monasteries) and stupas (memorial shrines) from the 3rd century BC to the 15th century AD, provide important evidence about the nature of Buddhist pilgrimage centers from a very early period. The site is now being developed as a Buddhist pilgrimage center, where the archeological remains associated with the birth of the Lord Buddha form a central feature.

Buddhist scriptures and early literature state that the newly born Prince Siddhartha took seven divine steps to the north and announced an epoch-making message to the suffering humanity in the Lumbini Garden: “I am the foremost of all creatures to cross the riddle of the ocean of human existence, this is my last birth and hereafter, I will not be born again”.

Mayadevi Temple is the heart of Lumbini, the maker stone points to the exact location of the birthplace of Lord Buddha. Located 25 paces southwest from the Marker Stone is the Sacred Pond, popularly known as Puskarini, where Mayadevi is believed to have a bath before giving birth to Prince Siddhartha. The infant prince was also given the first purification bath here.

The Sacred Garden is one of the holiest sites that contains archeological remains and shrines of high religious and spiritual value. Major monuments in Lumbini include age-old religious and spiritual structures, construction of which commenced immediately after the Mahaparinirvana of Lord Sakyamuni Buddha and continued over the centuries. Early Chinese travelers Fa-Hsien and Hiuen also describe the Sacred Pond and holy bath of the newly born Prince Siddhartha at this pond.

The Government of Nepal as provisioned by the Lumbini Development Trust Act 2042 (1985) in 1985 to implement the Lumbini Master Plan, explore, excavate and conserve archeological sites scattered in Kapilavastu, Rupandehi, and Nawalparasi districts formed Lumbini Development Trust. The entire property including the buffer zone is owned by the Government of Nepal and is being managed by the Lumbini Development Trust, an autonomous and non-profit making organization. The Lumbini Development Trust was constituted to present before the people of the world the commitment of the Government of Nepal to project the goal and ideal of development of Lumbini. The property falls within the center of the Master Plan area, the planning of which was initiated together with the United Nations and carried out by Prof. Kenzo Tange between 1972 and 1978.

Culture:  One of the interesting features of Lumbini and these surrounding villages is that the majority of the population are Hindu and Muslim who are safeguarding and promoting the Buddhist heritage sites including the birthplace of Lord Buddha. Lumbini is the perfect example of inter-faith tolerance. 

Wildlife and Culture

 In addition to embracing peace, contemplative values, and spirituality, Lumbini also attracts naturalists, botanists, and zoologists with its rich natural biodiversity. There are 27 species of mammals, 44 types of fishes, and herds of blue bulls in the area. Important natural landscapes and biodiversity in and around Lumbini include the serene natural environment within the Sacred Garden and Monastic Zones, Lumbini Crane Sanctuary located in the New Lumbini Village, several natural wetlands, rivers, and farmland for bird watching.

The most iconic among them is the Sarus Crane, the tallest flying bird in the world which holds a special place within the ancient culture of Lumbini, the birthplace of the Buddha. On December 25, 1994, an agreement between Lumbini Development Trust and ICF was signed for a 50-year lease of 256 acres of land to establish the Lumbini Crane Sanctuary in Lumbini as a biodiversity conservation and learning center and works with the local communities to conserve cranes and the ecosystems, wetlands, and watersheds, and protect the natural diversity of Greater Lumbini Area's landscape. 

The sight of the blooming lotus flower is another major attraction linked with Lord Buddha. 

 

 

Day 1: On the day of your arrival, we will be there to pick you up from the airport and check you in to your hotel. After that, you can take a rest as you will probably be tired because of a long flight. If you arrive early, after taking some rest you can walk around the places near your hotel and freshen up or do some last-minute shopping for things that you will need or buy souvenirs. 

Day 2: kathmanudu we will explore, interact and experience Newa Buddhism and Tibetan Buddhism . In the morning we will visit Syambu Temple Swayambhu means 'Self-Existent One.' Swayambhu is believed to have been established more than 2,500 years ago.

After Lunch we will explore different baha and Bahis in Patan Darwar square to understand more ways of life. 

Day 3: Drive from Kathmandu to Lumbini (around Sightseeing)

Day 4: Visit Religious and archaeological sites of Lumbini / Kapilavastu

(Tilaurakot, Gotihawa, Kudan, Niglihara and Sagarhawa, Peace Pagoda and other International Monastic Zone)

Day 5: Visit Lumbini Crane santurary  and  Jagadispur resiviour 

Day 6 :In the Afternoon, we will fly back to Kathmandu, overnight stay at Pharping Monastarty to expereince life 

Day 7: After breakfast we will drive  to Kritipur to expereince ancient histroy and buddism monements . 

We will enjoy dinner today at Boudha Mahachaitya. Located just a few km away from Kathmandu Durbar Square, we will reach Boudha during the late afternoon which is one of the best times to explore the area. Khasti  Chitya (Boudha)  Khasti Chaitya, “The Dewdrop Stupa” largest spherical stupa in Nepal and the world.

 

Things we do in Lumbini 

  • Explore Maya Devi temple, Scared pond, and surrounding 
  • Experience meditation and yoga sessions
  • Visit Peace Pagoda and International Monastic Zone
  • Explore different historical sites related to Lord Buddha
  • Observe rural market and hat bazaar
  • Exploring Community living, architecture, lifestyle, and traditions in the surrounding villages
  • Exploring agricultural and wetland sites.
  • Visiting schools and children
  • Bird watching
  • Temples and Mosques visit. Sightseeing tour to experience the exceptional cultural beauties,
  • Sightseeing tour to Lumbini Crane Sanctuary and nearby wetland sites to observe the natural landscapes and rich biodiversity 
  • Experiencing Biraha Cultural Dance :The locals in Lumbini have connected Biraha culture with the history and life of Lord Buddha. The artists sing tragic songs on the separation of Princess Yasodhara with her husband and King Suddhodhana with his beloved son). 
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In 2013 Faces of Nepal is established to promote Nepal as an educational, outdoor learning, research, spiritual, personal and family tours. Nepal will fascinate you! Make Nepal your learning destination. You will feel at Peace, Recharged, and Wise boarding your Flight Home.